Scientific Research

Dissemination of Scientific Information. Universality is a fundamental principle of science (the term ‘science’ as used here includes the humanities): only results that can be discussed, challenged, and, where appropriate, tested and reproduced by others qualify as scientific. Science, as an institution of organised criticism, can therefore only function properly if research results are made openly available to the community so that they can be submitted to the test and scrutiny of other researchers. [1]

Every Academic & Scientific Research Article you write should have a main point, a main idea, or central message. The argument(s) you make in your Academic & Scientific Research Article should reflect this main idea. The sentence that captures your position on this main idea is what we call a Academic & Scientific Research Article statement.

Researchers and research funders have a collective duty of care for the science system as a whole. The 2003 Berlin Declaration [4] was a strong manifestation of the science community (researchers and research funders united) to regain ownership of the rules governing the dissemination of scientific information.

As university and library negotiation teams in several countries (e.g. Germany, France, Sweden) [2,3] are struggling to reach agreements with large publishing houses, we feel that a decisive move towards the realisation of Open Access and the complete elimination of publication paywalls in science should be taken now.

In 2016, the EU Ministers of science and innovation, assembled in the Competitiveness Council, resolved that all European scientific publications should be immediately accessible by 2020. [5]

Open Access is the practice of granting access to scholarly outputs (such as publications) to anyone without any costs or other barriers and restrictions, including to most forms of use and re-use by humans and machines. [6]

Open Access, as defined in the Berlin Declaration[7]means unrestricted, online access to peer-reviewed, scholarly research papers for reading and productive re-use, not impeded by any financial, organisational, legal or technical barriers. Ideally, the only restriction on use is an obligation to attribute the work to the author. [8]

Peer-reviewed journals play a key role in scholarly communication and are essential for scientific progress and European competitiveness. The publishing and research communities share the view that increased access to the results

[1] Marc Schiltz. President, Science Europe, Brussels, Belgium
[2] Kwon D. Universities in Germany and Sweden Lose Access to Elsevier Journals. The Scientist. 19 Jul 2018. Available from:–64522. Cited 31 Aug 2018.
[3] Kwon D. French Universities Cancel Subscriptions to Springer Journals. The Scientist. 31 Mar 2018. Available from:
[4] Max Planck Society. Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. 22 Oct 2003. Available from:
[5] cOAlition S, European Science Foundation. Published by the Frontiers Blog, Frontiers in Neuroscience, PLOS Biology, PLOS Medicine, and Science Europe
[6] Science Europe AISBL, Brussels (
[8] Science Europe Working Group on Open Access, Science EuropePrinciples on Open Access to Research Publications (Updated May 2015)
[9] Publishing and the Ecology of European Research (PEER) (


Open Access model of publishing:
Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) (
Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) (
cOAlition S, European Science Foundation (
AGINFRA+ (Open Science VREs, core e-infrastructures, OpenAIRE, EUDAT, D4Science
Leibniz Research Alliance Open Science (